許菁芸(Jing-Yun Hsu) ； 宋鎮照(Jenn-Jaw Soong)
政治學報；56期 (2013/12) P55 – 78
關鍵字：地緣政治 , 國家主權, 車臣 , 科索沃, 臺灣 , Geopolitics , Sovereignty , Chechnya, Kosovo, Taiwan
The NATO's intervention in Kosovo in 1999 and the independence of Kosovo in 2008 have provoked a storm of criticisms and controversies in the policy communities across Europe and Russia. In contrast with the realities and the subsequent controversies with respect to Kosovo, the independence movement of Chechnya has been relatively overlooked by the Western countries. Clearly, the referring different Western response to the crisis over Chechnya cannot be explained solely by reference to the norms of sovereignty or non-intervention. Rather, a more complete understanding of the differences requires a closer examination of what have led to conflicts over Chechnya, and the ways in which conflicts were framed--both in Russia and in the West. Specifically, more attention is to be paid to the geopolitics and balance of power. Therefore, this article intends to propose a geopolitical model, using ”regional approach” spanning across the domestic, international and global levels. Exploring the cases of Chechnya and Kosovo, this article will re-examine the ideas of state sovereignty through the lens of Critical Geopolitics. The findings will then be applied in a critical manner to look into cross-strait relations, in the context of regionalization and globalization.
湯京平(Ching-Ping Tang) ； 張元嘉(Yuan-Chia Chang)
政治學報；56期 (2013/12) P1 – 25
關鍵字：社區營造 , 社基保育 , 生態旅遊, 生態現象的社會建構, Community Building, Community-based Conservation , Eco-tourism , Social Construction of Nature
unter is by nature the enemy of the conservationist. Under what condition, however, a hunter would surrender the hunting rifle but engage in conservation by applying his knowledge about the prey? Since hunting is a self-interest action in contrast to conservation that is driven by public-spirited incentive, a transition like this the rise of civil society and thus the course itself and the factors behind it is worthy of careful examination. Conservation is to pursue the interest of a larger society at the costs of economic opportunity of local communities. A workable action theme therefore needs to combine the interests of both by putting conservation and community development under the same framework for contemplation. This study examines the case of conserving Gray-faced Buzzard in Manzhou County where local folks consider the bird as the gift from the God to help them survive the economic difficulty. It takes more means than simply banning such activities. External resources are mobilized and sophisticated scheme has been deployed with involvement of governmental agencies, voluntary associations, and academia. How these actors interact to depict a complicate picture of ecological politics at grassroots level.
郭銘峰(Ming-Feng Kuo) ； 詹富堯(Fu-Yao Chan) ； 王鼎銘(Ding-Ming Wang)
政治學報；56期 (2013/12) P27 – 54
關鍵字：直接民主, 公民投票 , 政治效能感 , 民主治理 , Direct Democracy , Referendum, Political Efficacy , Governance
After the general presidential election in 1996 and the peaceful transfer of political power in 2000, the Referendum Act was passed in 2003 and its first realization in 2004 was regarded as a milestone for Taiwan's democratic development and public governance. This article analyzes Taiwan citizens' cognition of and participation in referendum for the first time in the 2004 election. Specifically, we try to explore whether the citizens' participation is driven by their expectation of the substantive policy issues and political efficacy, or is simply motivated by other non-policy factors such as unification-independence ideology and party identity. Four categories of how respondents' cognition of referendum and their participation in reality converge or diverge are identified. In addition, the underlying mechanism influencing their behaviors are analyzed. By analyzing the 1,781 respondents from Taiwan Social Change Survey (2004), we find that in consistence with the current literature, national ideology and party identity did influence the acting and participation in referendum. However, if we take the normative attitude toward policy-making into account, the influence of national ideology will be diminished dramatically. The result reveals two important policy implications. First, people expect strongly that public opinion should play an important role in policy-making process. This expectation will furthermore affect their willingness of participation in the direct democracy. Second, people are extremely anxious for more channels of participation in policy-making. Effective governance for a modern democracy therefore is to expand and reinforce more diversified channels of participation in policy-making for the public.
政治學報；56期 (2013/12) P79 – 95
關鍵字：梁漱溟, 心 , 我 , 生活, 文化, Mind , Self, Culture
Like many major thinkers in the contemporary world, Liang Shuming (1893-1988) was opposed to the view that all differences caused by the particularities of culture, tradition, language, and history, must be transcended by way of directly engaging universal truths unmediated by particulars. By reviewing the work and life experience of Liang, this article suggests that Liang's understanding of three issues-he beginning and end of history, the ability of mankind, and the ultimate cause of all problems and the dynamics of solving them for mankind-was based on his epistemology of the following three central ideas: the nature of being, human mind (xin), and self. This understanding led to his unique perspectives on human civilizations, social changes in general, and the cultural as well as social development of China in particular.